The year of 2018 was a marking-point in terms of alarming deforestation rates: more than 12 million hectares of tropical forests were deforested, representing the total surface area of Nicaragua (World Resources Institute, 2019). 2019 will be worse (the Amazon but not only: Central Africa, Siberia and other areas have seen a significant increase of forest fires and deforestation)
Although the past 20 years have shown more encouraging trends, the worldwide phenomenon of deforestation is still ongoing as its economic causes persist (soya plantations and breeding in Latin America, fuel wood and wood charcoal in Africa, oil palm in Asia, etc.).
In addition to the disastrous impacts of deforestation in tropical environments, we observe significant upsurges in wildfires and boreal forest diseases, directly and indirectly caused by climate change.